Document Type : Short communication
School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the most critical health issues in the world. According to the findings, systemic proinflammatory cytokine release is associated with the pathogenesis of cytokine storm, contributing to morbidities and even mortality in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Among pregnant patients diagnosed with COVID-19, preterm labor is one of the most crucial side effects, with a prevalence of up to 63.8% in some studies. As well as cytokine storm, proinflammatory cytokines are involved in preterm labor. Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) transplantation has been used in different trials to suppress inflammation in many inflammatory diseases. MSCs have also been successfully applied to treat patients diagnosed with COVID-19, considering the cytokine storm in these patients. So, it is possible to use the transplantation of MSCs derived from the maternal side of the placenta as an autologous product to suppress cytokine storm in critically ill patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The autologous transplantation of MSCs helps to suppress cytokine storm and systemic inflammation. Inhibition of systemic cytokine release could prevent poor outcomes, especially mortality and morbidities in the mentioned patients.