Acute and Chronic Pulmonary Side Effects of Drugs in Humans



Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Complications caused by the inhalation of microbial agents or their products, as well as inhaled toxic particles present in the space air of the surrounding environment lead to acute or chronic inflammation in the lung and other deep respiratory tissues. This can be the source of metastatic spread of inflammation in other organs. It becomes more dangerous, especially when these agents can disrupt the common regulatory defense system in the lungs. In the state of balance and health of the environment and avoiding exposure to hazardous inhalation agents, the respiratory system has the power to regulate inflammation.